The Charter of the United Nations was signed in 1945 by 51 countries representing all continents, paving the way for the creation of the United Nations on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice forms part of the Charter. The aim of the Charter is to save humanity from war; to reaffirm human rights and the dignity and worth of the human person; to proclaim the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small; and to promote the prosperity of all humankind. The Charter is the foundation of international peace and security. The e-book for this publication has been converted into an accessible format for the visually impaired and people with print reading disabilities. It is fully compatible with leading screen-reader technologies such as JAWS and NVDA.
Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice
Democracy and Governance
Disinformation and electoral campaigns (2019)0 5(0)
Fighting back against fake news – how does it interfere in democratic processes, particulary elections?
Since summer 2016, “fake news” has denoted the deliberate, viral spreading of false information on the internet and social media with the intention, for example, of discrediting a political party, tarnishing someone’s reputation or casting doubt on scientific truth. This practice, which hinders citizens in making informed decisions, has become very widespread. Its impact is especially significant not only because of how quickly fake news spreads, but also because identifying the authors of such campaigns and digital material is very difficult.
This report attempts to provide responses to issues raised by this phenomenon, in particular during electoral campaigns, and offer proposals to shape a legal framework at European level.SKU:978-92-871-8911-0"CHF 14.90
Democracy and Governance, International Relations
Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice (Russian language)Democracy and Governance, International Relations
Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice (Russian language)0 5(0)
This is the latest edited version of the Charter.
Two types of cover page are available:
- white typography on a colored background (Coloured version)
- black typography on a blue background (traditional version)
The following colors are available in Coloured version in English only:
Traditional black typography on blue background versions are available in following languages:SKU:9789214000488"CHF 9.00
Democracy and Governance, Governance, Human Rights
A mission to inform – Journalists at risk speak out (2020)Democracy and Governance, Governance, Human Rights
A mission to inform – Journalists at risk speak out (2020)0 5(0)
Police intimidation, legal harassment, defamation and intimidation campaigns offline and increasingly online, pressure – economic or otherwise – from editors or media owners and sponsors, detentions, threats and physical violence: journalists are constantly exposed to these threats by those who feel threatened by their work.
The murder of investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia in October 2017 sent shock waves through Europe. Violence and acts of harassment against journalists have become alarmingly frequent, as was laid bare in the Council of Europe’s 2017 survey of 940 journalists across the continent.
This follow-up study is about the human cost to journalists who seek to hold the powerful to account. It is based on in-depth interviews with 20 journalists who use their reporting skills to expose corruption, injustice and abuses, often putting their safety at risk. They share their insights into the realities of practising cutting-edge journalism while facing aggression, intimidation and vicious cyber-attacks. Too often the necessary protections fail and crimes against journalists go unpunished.
The freedom of the media to report without censorship or fear of reprisals is an essential pre-condition of democratic societies. This study represents a call for action to the 47 member states of the Council of Europe, with practical and forward-looking recommendations for ways to establish effective protection for journalists to enable them to safely fulfil their vital public watchdog role.SKU:978-92-871-8657-7"CHF 29.90