Democracy and Governance
Disinformation and electoral campaigns (2019)
Fighting back against fake news – how does it interfere in democratic processes, particulary elections?
Since summer 2016, “fake news” has denoted the deliberate, viral spreading of false information on the internet and social media with the intention, for example, of discrediting a political party, tarnishing someone’s reputation or casting doubt on scientific truth. This practice, which hinders citizens in making informed decisions, has become very widespread. Its impact is especially significant not only because of how quickly fake news spreads, but also because identifying the authors of such campaigns and digital material is very difficult.
This report attempts to provide responses to issues raised by this phenomenon, in particular during electoral campaigns, and offer proposals to shape a legal framework at European level.SKU:978-92-871-8911-0"
Democracy and Governance, Human Rights
Freedom of expression and the internet (Updated and revised 2nd edition) (2020)Democracy and Governance, Human Rights
Freedom of expression and the internet (Updated and revised 2nd edition) (2020)
An invaluable resource for students of law, politics, international relations and technology as well as for diplomats and civil society actors, this publication demonstrates how the Council of Europe contributes to ensuring that everyone’s voice online can be heard. This is key to sustainable, human rights oriented and people-centred digitalisation.
Human rights matter on the internet. Without freedom of expression, people cannot participate in everything that the information society has to offer. Yet online free speech is in danger. Between state laws, private rules and algorithms, full participation in the online communicative space faces many challenges. This publication explores the profound impact of the internet on free expression and how it can be effectively secured online.
The second, updated edition of this introduction into the protection of freedom of expression online answers essential questions regarding the extent and limits of freedom of expression online and the role of social networks, courts, states and organisations in online communication spaces. In clear language, with vivid examples spanning two decades of internet law, the authors answer questions on freedom of expression in cyberspace. Addressing issues from the protection of bloggers to the right to access online information, the publication also shows the importance of the standard-setting, monitoring and promotion activities of international and non-governmental organisations and includes a chapter on relevant national practice. It pays special attention to the role of European human rights law and the Council of Europe as this region’s most important human rights organisation.SKU:978-92-871-9023-9"
Democracy and Governance, Governance, Human Rights
A mission to inform – Journalists at risk speak out (2020)Democracy and Governance, Governance, Human Rights
A mission to inform – Journalists at risk speak out (2020)
Police intimidation, legal harassment, defamation and intimidation campaigns offline and increasingly online, pressure – economic or otherwise – from editors or media owners and sponsors, detentions, threats and physical violence: journalists are constantly exposed to these threats by those who feel threatened by their work.
The murder of investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia in October 2017 sent shock waves through Europe. Violence and acts of harassment against journalists have become alarmingly frequent, as was laid bare in the Council of Europe’s 2017 survey of 940 journalists across the continent.
This follow-up study is about the human cost to journalists who seek to hold the powerful to account. It is based on in-depth interviews with 20 journalists who use their reporting skills to expose corruption, injustice and abuses, often putting their safety at risk. They share their insights into the realities of practising cutting-edge journalism while facing aggression, intimidation and vicious cyber-attacks. Too often the necessary protections fail and crimes against journalists go unpunished.
The freedom of the media to report without censorship or fear of reprisals is an essential pre-condition of democratic societies. This study represents a call for action to the 47 member states of the Council of Europe, with practical and forward-looking recommendations for ways to establish effective protection for journalists to enable them to safely fulfil their vital public watchdog role.SKU:978-92-871-8657-7"
Democracy and Governance, International Law and Justice
European judicial systems – CEPEJ Evaluation Report (2020 Evaluation cycle (2018 data)) – Part 1: Tables, graphs and analyses (2020)Democracy and Governance, International Law and Justice
European judicial systems – CEPEJ Evaluation Report (2020 Evaluation cycle (2018 data)) – Part 1: Tables, graphs and analyses (2020)
Accessing the information needed to understand, analyse and reform judicial systems is the aim of this report.
This latest edition of the report by the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ), which evaluates the functioning of judicial systems of 45 Council of Europe member states as well as three observer states to the CEPEJ, Israel, Morocco and for the first time Kazakhstan, continues the process carried out since 2002, focusing the content of the report on the analysis of European trends.
In addition, the CEPEJ has also developed, for the first time, country profiles which present in a synthetic way the main data and indicators developed by the CEPEJ for each participating state.
All the quantitative and qualitative data collected from the CEPEJ national correspondents as well as the accompanying comments are also available on the CEPEJ-STAT dynamic database (https://www.coe.int/en/web/cepej/dynamicdatabase-of-european-judicial-systems ).
Relying on a methodology which is already a reference for collecting and processing large number of quantitative and qualitative judicial data, this unique study has been conceived above all as a tool for public policy aimed at improving the efficiency and quality of justice. The objective of the CEPEJ in preparing this report is to enable policy makers, justice practitioners, researchers as well as those who are interested in the functioning of justice in Europe and beyond, to have access to the information needed to be able to understand, analyse and reform.SKU:978-92-871-8700-0"
Democracy and Governance
Digital resistance (2021)
An empowering handbook for teachers on how to support their students to recognise fake news and false information found in the online environment
Do you check the sources of what you read online? Would you be able to recognise fake news? Information found online should be assessed and evaluated before it can be considered valuable.
This handbook, developed within the framework of the European Union-Council of Europe Joint Programme Democratic and Inclusive School Culture in Operation (DISCO), provides key information for teachers and their students on how to recognise fake news and false information found in the online environment.SKU:978-92-871-8715-4"
Democracy and Governance, Education, Health
Higher education’s response to the Covid-19 pandemic – Building a more sustainable and democratic future (Council of Europe Higher Education Series No. 25) (2021)Democracy and Governance, Education, Health
Higher education’s response to the Covid-19 pandemic – Building a more sustainable and democratic future (Council of Europe Higher Education Series No. 25) (2021)A particularly timely book, given the high proportion of international students and staff in higher education
Public health was the immediate concern when the Covid-19 pandemic struck in Asia, then in Europe and other parts of the world. The response of our education systems is no less vital. Higher education has played a major role in responding to the pandemic and it must help shape a better, more equitable and just post-Covid-19 world. This book explores the various responses of higher education to the pandemic across Europe and North America, with contributions also from Africa, Asia and South America. The contributors write from the perspective of higher education leaders with institutional responsibility, as well as from that of public authorities or specialists in specific aspects of higher education policy and practice. Some contributions analyse how specific higher education institutions reacted, while others reflect on the impact of Covid-19 on key issues such as internationalisation, finance, academic freedom and institutional autonomy, inclusion and equality and public responsibility.
The book describes the various ways in which higher education is facing the Covid-19 pandemic. It is designed to help universities, specifically their staff and students as well as their partners, contribute to a more sustainable and democratic future.SKU:978-92-871-8697-3"
Democracy and Governance, Governance
Young people, social inclusion and digitalisation – Emerging knowledge for practice and policy (Youth Knowledge 27) (2021)Democracy and Governance, Governance
Young people, social inclusion and digitalisation – Emerging knowledge for practice and policy (Youth Knowledge 27) (2021)
Can the digital revolution help us to tackle existing inequalities, or does it leave some young people even further behind? Is the digital world equally accessible to all young people? What are some of the inherent inequalities within the digital sphere? Do digital tools enable youth organisations, youth workers or state bodies to “reach out” to marginalised young people?
Digital methods, tools and platforms, and their unexplored potential in the youth sector, have created much enthusiasm within the youth field. This Youth Knowledge publication explores the intersection between digitalisation and social inclusion of young people, reflecting especially on how digitalisation affects young people’s lives, and what the role of youth policy, youth work and youth research can be in this respect.
In these 16 chapters, the authors critically examine if and how digitalisation can support the quest for social inclusion, ranging from the exploration of policies, tools and platforms available to young people and youth workers in Europe, supporting young people’s access to education and employment opportunities, opening up avenues for digital youth work, providing opportunities for participation for young people with disabilities, channels of integration for migrant communities and young refugees across Europe and support networks for young LGBTI persons.
While there is an acknowledgement of the potential for the youth sector to use the possibilities of digitalisation to address social inequality, the authors also emphasise that this does not happen automatically, and more reflection is needed regarding the accessibility of technology and how our digital approaches can be made inclusive for young people from all backgrounds.SKU:978-92-871-8650-8"